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Current Statistical Data for Patents

At a glance
2020 2021 Changes in %
Applications (patent applications with the DPMA and PCT patent applications after entering the national phase) 62,108 58,568 -5.7
Opened examination procedures 43,337 43,155 -0.4
Concluded examination procedures 41,753 48,489 +16.1
- published decisions to grant a patent 17,305 21,113 +22.0
Patents in force[1] 132,335 134,715 +1.8
[1] Including patents granted by the European Patent Office with effect in Germany, a total of 877,351 patents were valid in Germany in 2021.
Patent applications
Year Applications
2017 67,724
2018 67,905
2019 67,429
2020 62,108
2021 58,568
TOP 3 Patent applicants in 2021
(applications at the DPMA and PCT applications in the national phase)
Applicant [1] Seat Applications
1 Robert Bosch GmbH Germany 3,966
2 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG Germany 1,860
3 Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG Germany 1,806
[1] Without taking into account possible business group affiliations.

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Patent applications by German Länder in 2021
German Länder Applications Percentage Applications per 100,000 inhabitants
Baden-Württemberg 13,570 34.1 122
Bavaria 11,875 29.8 90
North Rhine-Westphalia 5,675 14.3 32
Lower Saxony 2,982 7.5 37
Hesse 1,479 3.7 24
Rhineland-Palatinate 854 2.1 21
Saxony 604 1.5 15
Berlin 525 1.3 14
Thuringia 523 1.3 25
Schleswig-Holstein 475 1.2 16
Hamburg 461 1.2 25
Brandenburg 257 0.6 10
Saarland 179 0.4 18
Saxony-Anhalt 154 0.4 7
Bremen 101 0.3 15
Mecklenburg-Western Pommerania 98 0.2 6
Germany 39,812 100 48

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TOP 5 Fields of technology [1]
Field of technology (area) Applications in 2020 Applications in 2021 Changes in %
32 - Transport (mechanical engineering) 10,781 10,482 -2.8
1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy (electrical engineering) 7,025 7,168 +2.0
10 - Measurement (instruments) 4,581 4,490 -2.0
31 - Mechanical elements (mechanical engineering) 4,434 4,080 -8.0
6 - Computer technology (electrical engineering) 3,143 2,891 -8.0
[1] According to the WIPO IPC-Technology Concordance Table.
The Leading fields of technology [1] in the individual German Länder in 2021
Land Field of technology Applications Changes in % to 2020
Baden-Württemberg 32 - Transport 2,777 + 2.3
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 1,993 + 13.4
  10 - Measurement 1,347 - 5.8
Bavaria 32 - Transport 2,421 - 5.1
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 1,668 + 3.2
  31 - Mechanical elements 1,309 - 11.0
Berlin 32 - Transport 62 - 21.5
  13 - Medical technology 42 - 30.0
  10- Measurement 36 - 28.0
Brandenburg 1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 32 + 6.7
  27 - Engines, pumps, turbines 21 - 44.7
  31 - Mechanical elements 18 - 21.7
Bremen 10 - Measurement 16 - 15.8
  29 - Other special machines 10 0.0
  32 - Transport 10 - 9.1
Hamburg 32 - Transport 85 - 22.0
  13 - Medical technology 53 - 24.3
  25 - Handling 45 23.7
Hesse 32 - Transport 207 + 22.5
  31 - Mechanical elements 139 - 9.2
  13 - Medical technology 132 - 12.0
Lower Saxony 32 - Transport 855 - 2.5
  1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 351 +11.8
  29 - Other special machines 229 - 10.9
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 13 - Medical technology 15 0.0
  25 - Handling 9 + 350.0
  33 - Furniture, games 8 + 300.0
North Rhine-Westphalia 1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 602 - 8.0
  35 - Civil engineering 534 - 11.6
  32 - Transport 452 - 21.5
Rhineland-Palatinate 32 - Transport 103 + 37.3
  35 - Civil engineering 83 + 27.7
  29 - Other special machines 65 + 32.7
Saarland 24 - Environmental technology 28 + 133.3
  31 - Mechanical elements 22 83.3
  23 - Chemical engineering 16 + 60.0
Saxony 1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 69 0.0
  10 - Measurement 62 + 100.0
  35 - Civil engineering 38 + 26.7
Saxony-Anhalt 1 - Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 19 + 375.0
  35 - Civil engineering 16 + 100.0
  23 - Chemical engineering 15 + 400.0
Schleswig-Holstein 13 - Medical technology 49 - 25.8
  27 - Engines, pumps, turbines 40 + 233.3
  10 - Measurement 35 - 5.4
Thuringia 13 - Medical technology 80 - 24.5
  9 - Optics 76 - 12.6
  10 - Measurement 55 + 3.8
[1] According to the WIPO IPC-Technology Concordance Table.

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Last updated: 8 March 2022